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The Research Process: Step #5: Synthesis

This guide will walk you through the steps necessary to complete any research assignment and help you avoid the stress associated with waiting until the last minute to get started.

Step #5


This step is all about deciding what you are going to do with the information you found. Are you going to write a paper, make a PowerPoint, make a video or poster? Some of this will depend upon your assignment and if the teacher wants a specific type of presentation. This is the time you need to think about what it is you are trying to say and the best way to get it across. The ability to clearly organize your ideas and present them is an important 21st Century Skill to develop.

Step 5: Synthesis

5.1 Organize information from multiple sources

Decide how you will put together the notes you took and ideas that you will add. You may:

  • Write a rough draft
  • Create an outline
  • Create a storyboard
  • Make a sketch
  • _______________ (any ideas?)

5.2 Present the information

If your teacher assigns the product:

  • Make sure that you follow your teacher’s guidelines.

Add value to the product by including your ideas along with the information you found in books, web sites, and other sources. Make sure that your final product or paper is more than just a summary of what you found in the other sources.

  • Make a product or write a paper that you would be proud for anyone to read.
  • Include a bibliography. This is an alphabetized list of your sources. See the citation page for help.

If you get to choose your final product:

  • Decide which product will best suit your subject. You may give an oral presentation using PowerPoint or write a paper. You may make a video or audio tape. Use technology if it is the best way to show the results of your information.

The “Big6™” is copyright © (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: